What is Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3

What is Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3

Government is “the organisation, that is the governing authority of a political unit”, “the ruling power in political society” and the apparatus through which a governing body functions and exercises authority”What is Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3

 It is important to know how the country runs and the role that the citizens play in it.

Read Chapter 3 of CBSE Class 6 Civics to know what a government is. This chapter talks about the roles, responsibilities and duties of the government. It also talks about the types of government and the laws associated with it. 

What is Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3

Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 all subjects

Download Class 6 all subjects notes

  • Government:

Government is “the organisation, that is the governing authority of a political unit”, “the ruling power in political society” and the apparatus through which a governing body functions and exercises authority”.

  • Levels of Government:

India is a representative democracy where people are eligible to vote, elect representatives and participate in the decisions making the process. The government works at different levels: national, state and local level.

  • National Level:

It refers to the area of the government which is concerned with national issues such as taxation, defence, international relations and trade.

  • State Level:

Each of the State Governments has its own police force, education system and road laws.

  • Local Level:

The local governments are known as Panchayats in rural areas and Municipal Corporations, Municipalities and Nagar Panchayats in urban areas.

  • Laws and the Government:

A rule of conduct established and enforced by the authority, legislation or custom of a given community, state or nation is called law. It is both the responsibility of the government and citizens to uphold the integrity of laws.

  • Types of Government:

Governments can be classified into several types. Some of the most common types of governments are a democracy, monarchy, etc.

  • Democracy:

It is a form of government run by elected representatives who hold the decision making power. The word ‘democracy’ originates from the Greek words ‘demos’ and ‘krotos’, meaning “rule of the people.” It can be classified into direct and indirect democracy.

  • Monarchy:

A monarchy refers to the rule by a king or queen. Sometimes, a king is called an “emperor”. It is a government with a hereditary head of the state. It can be classified into two types, i.e., absolute and constitutional monarchy.

  • Representative Democracy:

The type of democracy in which the citizens delegate authority to their elected representatives.

  • Women’s Suffrage:

A Movement started in the early 20th century vigorously for many years, demanding equality with men and the right to vote.

  • Franchise:

A privilege or right officially granted to a person or a group by a government, especially the constitutional or statutory right to vote.

Each country needs a government to make important decisions and function well. The decisions may be economic, educational or social.

The government also takes care of international boundaries and relations with other countries. It is responsible for the transport facilities and health facilities for citizens.

The government works at different levels—like, local level, state level, national level.

The government makes laws and every citizen is supposed to follow them. Laws need to be enforced for proper function of the government.

Citizens can also take the help of law if they are dissatisfied with something.

There are some types of government, like the democratic, monarch, etc. In a democracy (like India), the people elect the government themselves by voting in the election. In a monarchy, the king/queen has the power to make decisions and no one from the citizens can* object to them.

The basic idea of democracy is that people rule themselves by taking part in the law-making.

Nowadays, democratic governments are better known as ‘representative democracies’. People do not participate directly. They choose their representatives during elections and these representatives come together for the decision-making process. All adults in the country are eligible to vote according to the universal adult franchise.

There are instances in history when governments did not allow women, the poor people and the uneducated to vote. But when India got independence, the universal adult franchise was enforced.

  • Government:

The system or machinery present in each country in order to make decisions for the proper running of the country is called government.

  • Laws:

The rules laid down by the government for the proper functioning of the country are called laws.

  • Democracy:

A system of government in which the people (citizens) of the country choose their leaders to rule is called democracy. The elected government is answerable to its people for its decisions.

  • Monarchy:

A system of government which is run by a king/queen on a hereditary basis and where people do not get their say in decision-making is called a monarchy. The king/queen is said to be the monarch.

  • Elections:

The process in which citizens of a democratic country cast their votes for the leaders of their choice is called the election. The elected leaders form a government later.

  • Representative Democracy:

A form of democracy in which people do not elect the government directly but only choose their representative, who collectively form a government is called representative democracy. Most democracies are representative in nature.

  • Universal Adult Franchise:

The rule that allows all adults in the country, irrespective of caste, creed, gender, literacy, occupation, etc., to vote and take part in the elections, is the universal adult franchise.

Learn with best notes,free videos,practice questions and mock tests with School Connect Online for free demo click here

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8
What is Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
In The Earliest CitiesIn The Earliest Cities Class 6 Notes History Chapter 3NCERT Solutions In The Earliest Cities Chapter 3
What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
New Empires And KingdomsNew Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Notes History Chapter 10NCERT Solutions New Empires And Kingdoms Chapter 10
Buildings, Paintings And BooksBuildings, Paintings And Books Class 6 Notes History Chapter 11NCERT Solutions Buildings, Paintings And Books Chapter 11
   

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
What is Government?What is Government? Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3NCERT Solutions What is Government? Chapter 3
Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
Rural LivelihoodsRural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Rural Livelihoods Chapter 8
Urban LivelihoodsUrban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Urban Livelihoods Chapter 9

Learn with best notes,free videos,practice questions and mock tests with School Connect Online for free demo click here

School Connect Online

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: