In India, the climate and vegetation vary largely when you travel from the Himalayas to the Thar desert to the forests of West Bengal. The climate of India can be recognised in four types – winter, summer, rainy and monsoon. Different types of natural vegetation are dependent on different climatic conditions. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife
1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?
Sol : The southwest monsoon winds bring rainfall to India. It is important because agriculture in India is dependent on rainfall. A good amount of rainfall brings bountiful and adequate crops.
(b) Name the different seasons in India.
Sol : The different seasons in India are :
- Cold Weather Season (Winter) December to February
- Hot Weather Season (Summer) March to May
- Southwest Monsoon Season (Rainy) June to September
- Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) October and November
(c) What is natural vegetation?
Sol : The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.
2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
(i) Mumbai (ii) Asansol (iii) Mawsynram
Sol : (iii) Mawsynram
(b) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests
Sol : (i) Himalayan region
(c) During the south-west monsoon period, the moisture-laden winds blow from
(i) land to sea (ii) sea to land (iii) plateau to plains
Sol : (ii) sea to land
3. Fill in the blanks.
(a) Hot and dry winds known as ________________ blow during the day in the summers.
Sol : Hot and dry winds known as loo blow during the day in the summers.
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of________________.
Sol : The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoon or Autumn.
(c) ________________ forest in Gujarat is the home of ________________.
Sol : Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic Lions.
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