Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6

Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6

Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter,A landform is a natural feature of the solid surface of the Earth. Examples include Mountains, Plateaus, and Plains.

Mountains are classified into different types based on their mode of transformation: Fold Mountains, Block Mountains and the Volcanic Mountains. A plateau is an elevated area with a more or less leveled land on its top.

A plain is a low-lying relatively flat land surface with a very gentle slope and minimum local relief

Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 6

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Mountains

  • A mountain is any natural elevation of the earth surface.
  • There are permanently frozen rivers of ice. They are called glaciers.
  • Mountains may be arranged in a line known as the range.
  • The Himalaya, the Alps and the Andes are mountain ranges.
  • There are three types of mountains—Fold Mountains, Block Mountains and Volcanic Mountains.
  • The Himalayan Mountains and the Alps are young fold mountains.
  • The Aravalli range in India is one of the oldest fold mountain systems.
  • Block Mountains are created when large areas are broken and displaced vertically.
  • Volcanic mountains are formed due to volcanic activity, e.g. Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa.

Plateaus

  • A plateau is an elevated flat land.
  • The Deccan plateau in India is one of the oldest plateaus.
  • The Tibet plateau is the highest plateau in the world.
  • The African plateau is famous for gold and diamond mining.
  • The lava plateaus are rich in black soil that are fertile and good for cultivation.

Plains

  • Plains are large stretches of flat land.
  • Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries.
  • In India, the Indo-Gangetic plains are the most densely populated region of the country.

Landforms and the People

  • Humans have been living in different kinds of landforms in different ways.
  • Sometimes, natural calamities such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, storms and floods cause widespread destruction.
  • The surface of the earth is not the same everywhere.
  • Mountains, plateaus and plains are different landforms of the earth.

A mountain is a natural elevation of the earth surface.

There are three types of mountains —

  • Fold mountains
  • Block mountains
  • Volcanic mountains

A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat-topped tableland standing above the surrounding area. A plateau may have one or more sides with steep slopes.

  • The Deccan plateau is one of the oldest plateaus.
  • The Tibet plateau is the highest plateau in the world.

Plains are large stretches of flat land.

Some plains are extremely level while others may be slightly rolling and undulating.

Plains are generally thickly populated regions of the world.

Human habitation is found on different kinds of landforms. But the population varies on these landforms. Mountains are generally not thickly populated. But plains are the regions where the thick population is found.

The land is precious. We must not use it in a wasteful manner. Construction work of any type should not be carried on fertile land. Also, we should not throw garbage on land. It is our duty to take care of the land or any other natural gift. If we do this we will be conscious citizens.

Erosion: The wearing away of the earth’s surface is known as erosion.

Mountain: A mountain is a natural elevation of the earth surface.

Glacier: Some mountains have permanently frozen river of ice. They are called glaciers.

Range: When mountains are in an arranged line, it is called a range.

Horsts and graben: The uplifted blocks are known as horsts and the lowered blocks are known as graben.

Storehouse: A building where things are stored or kept.

Terraces: One of the series of flat areas of ground which are cut into the side of a hill like steps in order to grow crops there.

Flora: The plants of a particular area.

Fauna: The animals living in an area.

Plateau: A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat-topped tableland standing above the surrounding area.

Plain: A plain is a vast stretch of flat land where the thick population is found.

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CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

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Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
In The Earliest CitiesIn The Earliest Cities Class 6 Notes History Chapter 3NCERT Solutions In The Earliest Cities Chapter 3
What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
New Empires And KingdomsNew Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Notes History Chapter 10NCERT Solutions New Empires And Kingdoms Chapter 10
Buildings, Paintings And BooksBuildings, Paintings And Books Class 6 Notes History Chapter 11NCERT Solutions Buildings, Paintings And Books Chapter 11
   

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

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Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
What is Government?What is Government? Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3NCERT Solutions What is Government? Chapter 3
Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
Rural LivelihoodsRural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Rural Livelihoods Chapter 8
Urban LivelihoodsUrban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Urban Livelihoods Chapter 9

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ClassSyllabusClassSyllabus
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Class 5Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 5Class 10Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 10 (Physics)
Class 6Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 6Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11(Physics)
Class 7Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 7Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11 (Chemistry)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Biology)Class 11Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 11 (Biology)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Physics)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Chemistry)
Class 8Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 8 (Chemistry)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Biology)
Class 9Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 9 (Biology)Class 12Science Olympiad Syllabus for Class 12 (Physics)

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