# IMO Class 3 Chapter 9: Logical Reasoning

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Contents

### What is logical reasoning?

Logical reasoning is the process of using rational thinking to reach a conclusion based on available information. It is a systematic approach to problem-solving that involves evaluating evidence, drawing conclusions, and making decisions based on sound reasoning.

In logical reasoning, we start with a set of premises or statements, and then use principles of logic to arrive at a conclusion that logically follows from the given information.

Logical reasoning is classified into two types:

### 1. Verbal reasoning

Verbal reasoning involves the ability to use language to understand and solve problems. It involves the use of words, grammar, and syntax to analyze and interpret information. Verbal reasoning tests typically include questions on vocabulary, analogies, word relationships, and verbal classification.

### 2. Non-Verbal reasoning

Non-verbal reasoning, on the other hand, involves the ability to understand and solve problems using visual and spatial information, without the use of language. It includes tasks such as identifying patterns, recognizing shapes, and spatial reasoning. Non-verbal reasoning tests typically include questions on series completion, figure analogies, and spatial visualization.

### How to Approach Logic Problems

Undoubtedly, some students find logical reasoning to be a challenging concept. Deep precision and an effective focus are necessary to solve them. The logical reasoning questions involve several diagrams and graphic representations of shapes or symbols, and they can be challenging to understand. Here are some pointers for answering logical reasoning questions:

### Practice regularly

By using a particular approach to solve the questions, you should consistently practice. It is simple to evaluate the capacity for logical reasoning with these questions. You can practice answering questions like these by arranging the shapes and patterns in a particular order.

### Develop thinking habits

Analytical thinking is needed to solve the logical reasoning puzzle. Questions requiring logical reasoning can be answered with ease by a learner who thinks more logically. Participating in other activities, such as crossword puzzles and other puzzles, will also help you develop your logical thinking.

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