# IMO Class 2 Chapter 6: Weight and Capacity

The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is a prestigious competition that challenges high school students who have advanced skills in mathematics. However, it is important to note that the IMO is designed to cater to the needs of all students.

The problems posed in the IMO are highly challenging and require a deep understanding of advanced mathematical concepts. Therefore, the competition is intended for students who have exceptional mathematical abilities and a passion for the subject.

The competition aims to promote interest and excellence in mathematics and to encourage mathematical talent among young people from around the world. This article will give you detailed explanation about IMO class 2 chapter 6: Weight and Capacity.

Students who are interested in participating in math competitions should consider their own abilities and interests, and look for competitions that are designed for their grade level and skill set.

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## IMO Class 2 Chapter 6: Weight and Capacity Detailed Notes

The fundamental concept in the study of Mathematics and Science is measurement. Measurement involves the assignment of numerical values to physical quantities or attributes of objects, using established units of measurement. It is the process of determining the magnitude of a quantity by comparing it to a standard unit of measure. Also, in taking a certain number of things to complete a specific task.

We frequently encounter various measurement types in our daily lives, such as length, weight, and time. This article will teach you the meaning and definitions of measurement, as well as different types of measurement and examples.

### Types of Measurement

In several areas of mathematics, we deal with some basic types of measurement variables. They are as follows:

• Time
• Length
• Weight
• Volume
• Temperature

### Weight (mass)

Weight, also known as mass, is a measure of how heavy something is. The weights of various objects can be precisely measured using standard units. The kilogram (Kg) and gram are the standard weight measurement units (g).

We weigh heavy objects in kilograms and lighter objects in grams. There are various types of weighting balances or scales, such as pan balances, kitchen balances, spring balances, and so on.

### What is capacity?

The hollow objects are filled with air or liquid that conforms to the shape of the container. The total volume of air and water accumulated inside a container is the container’s capacity.

Even after many similarities, we can still distinguish between volume and capacity. When dealing with capacity, the emphasis is on how much solid, liquid, or gas can fit into the container, as well as the container’s bearing power. Capacity can be measured in cm3, m3, liters, milliliters, pounds, gallons, and other units.

In the illustration above, the cylinder is partially filled with water. The amount of water that the cylinder can hold is referred to as the cylinder’s capacity. However, the volume of a cylinder formula can be used to calculate the capacity of a cylinder.

### Applications of Measurement

The concept of measurement is critical in the following situations.

• We must consider proper dimensions when constructing buildings.
• We usually take specific amounts of ingredients when preparing food.
• For carrying out scientific experiments in laboratories.
• Time is the major important factor to consider when completing a task.
• To create medicines and treat patients.

Participating in the Math Olympiad can be a life-changing event for students as it provides them with a unique opportunity to develop their interest and skills in mathematics. The Olympiad challenges students to think critically, creatively, and apply mathematical concepts to solve complex problems.

This can help to develop their problem-solving skills, logical reasoning, and analytical thinking, which are essential skills in many areas of life. Preparing for the Math Olympiad can also help students to develop a strong work ethic, discipline, and perseverance, as it requires a significant amount of time and effort to prepare for the competition.

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