The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is a critical exam for all high school students. The IMO exam is given to students in grades 1 to 12. This exam is well-known among students and is highly valued globally.

Olympiads are among the most prestigious tests held in India and around the world. Furthermore, these academic olympiads have been established to encourage students to study subjects such as Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology, Physics, and others. The competitive exam is held for a wide range of students from class I to class XII in India and abroad. That being said, this article will discuss the detailed notes on IMO Class 2 Chapter 1: Addition and Subtraction.

Participating in an olympiad exam for class 2 at the national or international level can lead to academic success for students and is valued globally. Winners of national competitions not only get to represent India at the international level, but they also get scholarships and other opportunities.

As a result, at ‘School Connect Online,’ you can find a comprehensive set of solutions ranging from olympiad sample papers for class 2, previous year question papers and exam formats, marking scheme, syllabus, and more that will assist class 2 students in preparing, scoring, and performing well in any of the olympiad exams.

While many students take this exam to prove their worth and join the elite group, they must prepare thoroughly. There are also many olympiad books for class 2 that are readily available and can be used as a reference.

On a side note, just so you know, there are different types of Olympiad exams for students, such as the math olympiad for class 2 and the science olympiad.

There are also international Olympiad exams held by various independent organizations. These exams, in particular, provide students with valuable exposure because they allow them to experience the competitiveness that exists and learn to face new challenges.

Overall, these are some of the most important talent search examinations held in India. These exams aid in the selection of some of the best students.

Class 2 Maths syllabus covers topics that assist students in learning new concepts that cannot be taken for granted. It is critical to understand these new concepts because they serve as the foundation for the following topics or higher classes. The CBSE Class 2 Maths syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 is designed in such a way that students will find it very effective and interesting to learn. Knowing the CBSE syllabus will help them understand what they will study during that academic year.

**IMO Class 2 Chapter 1: Addition and Subtraction detailed notes**

2 digit addition is a type of addition in which only two digits are arranged in their respective place values. 2 digit addition can also be done mentally by following a few simple steps. Two-digit addition is one of the simplest types of addition. Let’s go over the fundamentals of adding two-digit numbers together.

**What is 2 Digit Addition?**

2 digit addition is performed by remembering the place value of numbers. Two-digit numbers have the same place value as ones and tens. When adding two digits, we arrange the numbers in a column under the appropriate place value. This method aids in the addition of digits one by one. There are two methods for doing 2-digit addition: addition with regrouping (carrying forward) and addition without regrouping (no carrying forward). The numbers being added are known as addends, and the result of adding these numbers is known as their sum. Examine the graph below, which shows that the addends are 70 and 15, and the sum is 85.

**2 Digit Addition With Regrouping**

The addition of two digits and 2 digit addition with regrouping is a method in which if the sum of the numbers in one column is greater than 9, the number is carried forward to the next column. In the case of two-digit numbers, regrouping or carrying forward begins in the one’s column and progresses to the tens column. The steps below demonstrate two-digit addition with regrouping:

**Step 1:** Arrange the numbers or addends in columns based on their place value, i.e., ones and tens.

**Step 2:** Begin adding numbers from the right, i.e., the one’s column, and work your way to the left, i.e., the tens column.

**Step 3:** If the sum of the one’s column is greater than 9, we get another double-digit number. The number from the one’s column is placed under the one’s column, and the tens number is carried forward or regrouped to the tens column of the original numbers.

**Step 4**: When adding the tens column, we include the tens number carried over from the one’s column.

**Step 5:** After adding both columns, we get the final total.

Let’s look at an example to better understand the steps. Add 59 to 23.

As shown in the above image, we obtained the sum by adding 59 and 23 using the regrouping method. Here’s a step-by-step breakdown:

**Step 1:** Sort the numbers 59 and 23 by place value. In the one’s column, there are 9 and 3, and in the tens column, there are 5 and 2.

**Step 2 + 3:** Add 9 + 3 to get 12 We carry forward 1 to the tens column and write 2 as the sum in the one’s column because 12 is greater than 9.

**Step 4:** Include the one from the column that was carried forward. As a result, we add 5 + 2 + 1 = 8.

**Step 5:** Both columns are now added. As a result, 59 + 23 = 82.

**Primary Subtraction**

Subtraction or deduction is the process of taking something out of a group of things. When subtracting, we use the minus (-) sign.

**Example 1:** If we take away two stars from the group of five stars, we will still have three stars.

**Example 2: **Subtract 3 from 7

7 – 3 = 4

**Example 3:** Subtract 4 from 9

9 – 4 = 5

**Subtracting Zero**

Any number would have the same answer if you subtracted 0 from it.

Example:7 – 0 = 7

**Subtracting a Number from Itself**

The result of subtracting a number from itself is always zero.

Example:8 – 8 = 0

**Descriptive subtraction**

**Example 1:** Nine birds are perched on a tree. How many birds are still on the tree if five fly off?

Number of birds on a tree = 9

Number of birds flying away = 5

So, the number of birds left on the tree is 9 – 5 = 4

**Example 2:** A van is carrying twelve people. How many people are still in the van if two people got out?

Number of people on a van = 12

Number of people get down = 2

So, the number of people remaining on the van 12 – 2 = 10

Benefits of Math Olympiad

- The student will be able to improve and clarify their fundamental concepts by attempting the Math Olympiad for Class 1 Question Paper.
- a significant aid in test preparation for school.
- A student can recognize their potential and subsequently develop from that point forward.

It is possible to access the Maths Olympiad for Class 1 previous year test questions to evaluate the aptitude of different students. As a result, they can increase their level of confidence and develop the ability to solve any problem with ease.

School Connect Online offers olympiads such as:

1.National Science Olympiad (NSO)

2. International Mathematics Olympiad (IMO)

4.Artificial Intelligence Olympiad.

Prepare for your Olympiad coaching with the Olympiad Genius by interacting with one of the greatest educators from IIT, NIT, as well as other institutions!

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