Chapter 2 of the CBSE Class 6 History textbook, titled “From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food,” opens with Tushar’s train journey, during which he learns from his uncle about the evolution of transportation means over time. Trains were introduced around 150 years ago, followed by buses a few decades later. Tushar begins to wonder about how ancient humans traveled and whether they spent their entire lives in one place. This chapter answers such questions by delving into the details of the topics covered.
CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 2: From Hunting-Gathering to Growing Food
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- The development of farming was a result of the changing climate of the world. People began observing plants and how they grew, leading to the gradual cultivation of crops.
- Taming animals became another area of interest, with dogs being the first animal to be domesticated. Over time, sheep, goats, and cattle were also domesticated, leading to people becoming herders.
- Grains were used for multiple purposes, including as seeds, food, and gifts, and were stored by humans. Similarly, animals were also stored as a source of milk and meat, serving as a “store” of food.
- Archaeologists have studied plant remains and animal bones at various sites, with some revealing evidence of early farmers and herders. Excavations have also unearthed traces of huts and houses, including pit-houses.
- The Neolithic Age, which began around 10,000 years ago, marked a significant turning point in human history, with the discovery of mortars and pestles and the cultivation of cotton for weaving clothes. Many farmers and herders lived in tribes, which followed certain customs and practices.
- Mehrgarh, located near the Bolan Pass in a fertile plain, is one of the earliest villages and was known for its cultivation of barley and wheat. The excavation of this site has revealed remains of houses with four or more compartments and several burial sites.
- Other archaeological sites, such as Daojali Hading near the Brahmaputra Valley, have yielded stone tools and fossil wood, providing further insights into ancient human history.
- Important terms include Domestication, Fossil Wood, Levels, Neolithic Age, and Tribes. The beginning of domestication is estimated to be around 12,000 years ago, with the Neolithic Age starting around 10,000 years ago and settlement at Mehrgarh beginning around 8,000 years ago.
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