CBSE Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science 2021-2022 Academic Year
School Connect Online offers a comprehensive curriculum for Class 8 students, including an authentic syllabus for Social Science. Just as with other core subjects such as Mathematics and Science, performing well in Social Science is crucial for achieving a high overall percentage in the CBSE Class 8 exam. Therefore, it is important to have a strong understanding of the CBSE Syllabus for Class 8 Social Science.
Social Science is a multifaceted subject that encompasses the study of human beings and their interactions, growth, and development. It explores various aspects of human behaviour, social relationships, cultural values, and societal norms, among other things. Therefore, Social Science plays a vital role in helping us better understand ourselves, our communities, and the world around us.
Our Pasts III Textbook for History for Class 8
|Chapter 1: How, When and Where|
|Chapter 2: From Trade to Territory|
|Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside|
|Chapter 4: Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age|
|Chapter 5: When People Rebel|
|Chapter 6: Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners|
|Chapter 7: Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation|
|Chapter 8: Women, Caste and Reform|
|Chapter 9: The Making of the National Movement: 1870s – 1947|
|Chapter 10: India after Independence|
Chapter 1: How, When and Where – Class 8 Notes
History is the study of the past and how it has changed over time. In the past, History was mainly focused on dates. The CBSE Class 8 History notes for Chapter 1 – How, When and Where emphasize the importance of dates in studying History and provide a brief overview of how events were dated in earlier times.
Chapter 2: From Trade to Territory – Class 8 Notes
Did you know that the British started as a small trading company and were initially hesitant to acquire territories? This chapter explains how they eventually became the masters of a vast empire. The notes cover the rise of the East India Company, the expansion of trade, the implementation of new business rules, and important events such as The Battle of Plassey.
Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside – Class 8 Notes
Chapter 3 of Class 8, Ruling the Countryside, explores how the East India Company colonized and organized the countryside, redefined people’s rights, and controlled crop production.
The notes provide examples to help students understand these concepts easily. On 12 August 1765, the Company became the Diwan of Bengal, which made it the main financial administrator of the territory under its control. The Company needed to administer the land and organize its revenue resources to generate enough revenue to meet its expenses.
Chapter 4: Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age – Class 8 Notes
Chapter 4 examines questions related to Tribals, Dikus, and their lives under British rule. Students will learn about Birsa’s mission to solve problems and the outsiders referred to as dikus who enslaved the people of the region. The notes highlight the changes in the lives of the tribal people under British rule
Chapter 5: When People Rebel – Class – 8 – Notes
CBSE Class 8 students can gain insight into the policies of the British in India and the rebellion of the people, peasants, and sepoys in Chapter 5 – When People Rebel. This chapter explores the conflicts between the East India Company and nawabs and rajas, along with the reasons behind the uprising of the people against the Company’s rule.
Students will learn about the causes and consequences of the rebellion, the leaders who fought for their rights, and the impact of the uprising on the Indian society and British policies.
Chapter 6: Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners – Class 8 Notes
Chapter 6 of Class 8 explores the significance of two industries, textiles and iron and steel, in the context of British rule in India. The notes describe how these industries played a crucial role in the industrial revolution and made Britain the leading industrial nation in the 19th century. The chapter also highlights the close connection between the industrialization of Britain and the colonization of India.
Chapter 7: Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation – Class 8 Notes
In Chapter 7, “Civilising the Native”, Educating the Nation, students will learn about the impact of British rule on the education system and the lives of students.
The notes explain that the British had a cultural mission to “civilize the natives” and change their customs and values, in addition to acquiring territories and controlling revenue. This chapter sheds light on the cultural implications of British colonialism in India.
Chapter 8: Women, Caste and Reform – Class – 8 – Overview
In CBSE Class 8 History, Chapter 8 delves into the complex themes of Women, Caste and Reform. The chapter comprehensively covers the status of women in society, the caste system and discrimination, education for girls, and the Non-Brahman movement.
Through this chapter, students will gain insights into the historical context of India and understand how society functioned two centuries ago.
Chapter 9: The Making of the National Movement: 1870s – 1947 – Class – 8 – Overview
Chapter 9 in CBSE Class 8 History discusses the evolution of the National Movement in India. This movement was a significant factor in India’s independence struggle, and it took several decades to achieve its goal.
The chapter explores the reasons that contributed to the rise of the National Movement, including the growth of nationalism, Rowlatt Satyagraha, mass nationalism, Quit India, and other significant events. Through this chapter, students will understand the historical significance of the National Movement and its role in shaping modern India.
Chapter 10: India after Independence – Class – 8 – Overview
CBSE Class 8 History, Chapter 10, sheds light on the crucial period of India’s history after gaining independence from British rule in 1947. This chapter outlines the complex events that occurred during this time, such as the partition of India that led to the creation of Pakistan, the formation of a Constitution, and the development planning for the country.
Through this chapter, students will gain insights into India’s political, social, and economic transformation post-independence, which shaped the country’s contemporary identity.
Resource and Development in Class 8 Syllabus
|Chapter 1: Resources|
|Chapter 2: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources|
|Chapter 3: Mineral and Power Resources|
|Chapter 4: Agriculture|
|Chapter 5: Industries|
|Chapter 6: Human Resources|
Chapter 1: Resources – Class – 8 – Overview
CBSE Class 8 Geography, Resources and Development textbook, provides a comprehensive understanding of the various resources available to us and how they are developed and utilized. The book covers six chapters, including topics such as Resources, Mineral and Power Resource, Industries, Human Resources, and more.
Chapter 2: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources – Class – 8 – Overview
Chapter 2 of CBSE Class 8 Geography delves into the diverse resources that our planet offers, such as land, soil, water, natural vegetation, and wildlife resources. This chapter emphasizes the interdependence of these resources and their influence on human life.
The chapter provides insight into how the availability of these resources impacts the lifestyle of the people in a particular region. It also highlights the fact that a significant portion of the world’s population occupies only a small fraction of the land area, while the remaining 70% is sparsely populated or uninhabited.
Chapter 3: Mineral and Power Resources – Class – 8 – Overview
Chapter 3 of CBSE Class 8 Geography focuses on mineral and power resources, which are essential for the economic growth and development of any country. This chapter discusses the concept of minerals, their distribution, formation, identification based on physical and chemical properties, and the conditions required for their formation.
The chapter also highlights the fact that some of these minerals are found in areas that are not easily accessible, such as the Arctic ocean bed and Antarctica.
Chapter 4: Agriculture – Class 8 Notes
Agriculture, derived from the Latin words “ager” or “agree” meaning soil, and “culture” meaning cultivation, is a primary activity that involves growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, and rearing livestock. It is a vital sector of the economy, and around 50% of the world’s population is engaged in it. In India, two-thirds of the population are still dependent on agriculture.
Chapter 5: Industries – Class 8 Notes
From the notebook you use to the steel used in constructing buildings, everything undergoes a manufacturing process before reaching consumers. Secondary activities, or manufacturing, transform raw materials into goods that hold greater value. Industries encompass economic activities related to producing goods, extracting minerals, or offering services.
For example, the iron and steel industry involves producing goods, coal mining involves extracting coal, and the tourism industry involves providing services.
Chapter 6: Human Resources – Class 8 Notes
The Indian Government established the Ministry of Human Resource Development in 1985 to enhance people’s skills, demonstrating the significance of human resources for the country. Human resources, like other resources, are not evenly distributed worldwide and vary in characteristics such as educational levels, age, and sex. Their numbers and characteristics also undergo changes.
NCERT Book for Class 8 Social Science – Social and Political Life-III
Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution
|Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism|
|Chapter 3: Why do we need a Parliament?|
|Chapter 4: Understanding Laws|
|Chapter 5: Judiciary|
|Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System|
|Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation|
|Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation|
|Chapter 9: Public Facilities|
|Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice|
Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution – Class 8 Notes
The Constitution of India is a crucial document that establishes the fundamental principles, structures, procedures, and duties of the government. This chapter explains why a Constitution is necessary, who wrote it, and the key features of the Indian Constitution.
Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism – Class 8 Notes
Secularism is a fundamental principle that promotes equality and freedom of religion. Discrimination against any religious community leads to conflict, and giving preference to one religion over others is not acceptable. This chapter discusses the essence of secularism and why it is essential for a diverse nation like India.
Chapter 3: Why do we need a Parliament? – Class 8 Notes
The Parliament of India is a vital institution that allows citizens to participate in the decision-making process and control the government. It is the cornerstone of Indian democracy and a critical component of the Constitution. This chapter explains how the Parliament works and its significance in ensuring democracy in India.
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws – Class 8 Notes
The Parliament of India is responsible for creating laws that apply equally to all citizens. In this chapter, you will learn about the process of making new laws, the significance of laws in society, and what to do when laws are unpopular or controversial. As responsible citizens, we must understand and respect the laws of the land.
Chapter 5: Judiciary – Class 8 Notes
The judiciary is an essential part of India’s democratic system, responsible for enforcing the rule of law and ensuring justice for all citizens. This chapter highlights the role of the courts and the importance of an independent judiciary in a democratic society. The law applies to all individuals, and the judiciary ensures that the law is upheld and justice is served.
Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System – Class 8 Notes
The criminal justice system is a complex process that ensures that those accused of crimes are given a fair trial. In this chapter, you will learn about the different individuals involved in the criminal justice system, including the police, public prosecutors, and judges. Understanding the process of the criminal justice system is crucial in ensuring that justice is served and the rights of individuals are protected.
Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation – Class – 8 – Summary
Marginalisation refers to the act of being pushed to the sides or fringes of society. This can happen to communities or groups of people who are excluded due to various reasons such as language, customs, religion, poverty, or low social status. Marginalisation can make people feel less human than others.
Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation – Class – 8 – Summary
This chapter explores the experiences of different groups who have faced inequality and discrimination. Despite being powerless, they have fought against being excluded or dominated by others. These groups have adopted a variety of strategies such as seeking religious solace, engaging in armed struggle, improving their education and economic status. The choice of struggle has depended on the specific circumstances faced by the marginalised group, and there is no single approach that guarantees success.
Chapter 9: Public Facilities – Class – 8 – Summary
In Chapter 9 of CBSE Class 8 Civics, water is used as an example to explain the concept of public facilities. It is important for students to understand the meaning of public facilities and the crucial role played by the government in their provision and overall responsibility.
Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice – Class – 8 – Summary
The government makes laws to protect people from exploitation, ensuring that unfair practices are minimized in the market. Many of these laws are based on the Fundamental Rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution. For example, the Right against Exploitation prohibits forced labor or working for low wages.
Additionally, the Constitution states that no child under the age of 14 can be employed in hazardous employment. However, it is important to analyze how these laws are implemented and to what extent they address social justice concerns.
CBSE Notes for Class 8 Civics Free Download for All Chapters
Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics
CBSE Notes for Class 8 Geography Free Download for All Chapters
Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography
|Chapter Name||CBSE Class 8 Geography Study Notes||NCERT Solutions Download Class 8|
|Resources||Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 1||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Resources Chapter 1|
|Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources||Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 2||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources Chapter 2|
|Mineral and Power Resources||Mineral and Power Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 3||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Mineral and Power Resources Chapter 3|
|Agriculture||Agriculture Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 4||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Agriculture Chapter 4|
|Industries||Industries Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 5||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Industries Chapter 5|
|Human Resources||Human Resources Class 8 Notes Geography Chapter 6||NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Human Resources Chapter 6|
CBSE Notes for Class 8 History Free Download for All Chapters
Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History
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