CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science for Academic Year 2021-22
Science topics are discussed in the CBSE Class 7 Science syllabus, which is prepared by academic experts to increase understanding and knowledge of the subject. CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science for Academic Year 2021-22
The syllabus is divided into different subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and all the chapters are mentioned there.
Students of Class 7 Science can access the latest CBSE syllabus for the academic year 2020-2021 here.
Class 7 Science syllabus
Chapter 1: Nutrition in Plants
Chapter 2: Nutrition in Animals
Chapter 3: Fibre to Fabric
Chapter 4: Heat
Chapter 5: Acids, Bases and Salts
Chapter 6: Physical and Chemical Changes
Chapter 7: Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals of Climate
Chapter 8: Winds, Storms and Cyclones
Chapter 9: Soil
Chapter 10: Respiration in Organisms
Chapter 11: Transportation in Animals and Plants
Chapter 12: Reproduction in Plants
Chapter 13: Motion and Time
Chapter 14: Electric Current and its Effects
Chapter 15: Light
Chapter 16: Water – A Precious Resource
Chapter 17: Forests – Our Lifeline
Chapter 18: Wastewater Story
Chapter 1: Nutrition in Plants – Class – 7 – Notes
- Living organisms like human beings, plants and animals need food to survive and exist.
- Living organisms reproduce, respond to the environment and also adapt.
- Living organisms respire and excrete as well.
Chapter 2: Nutrition in Animals – Class – 7 – Notes
- Each species or type of organism has their own way of taking in food.
- Bees and hummingbirds suck plant-nectars, infants of humans and some animals feed on mother’s milk, Snakes such as python consume the animals upon which they prey.
- Aquatic animals filter small food particles floating close by and feed on them.
Chapter 3: Fibre to Fabric – Class – 7 – Notes
A material that is composed of thin and continuous strands is known as fibre. Plant fibres are elongated most commonly sclerenchyma supportive plant cells with thick cellulose walls with a well-organised structure.
Chapter 4: Heat – Class – 7 – Notes
Have you ever experienced cold inside the house and warmth in the sun, during winter? Also, feeling hot inside as well as outside the house in the summer season? To protect ourselves from the chilling cold, we wear clothes made of wool. These woollen clothes are obtained from wool yielding animals such as sheep, goats, yacks, etc. Wearing light coloured clothes during summer will give us a feeling of coolness. To know if the object is hot or cold, and the degree of its hotness, we will be studying this chapter. The measure of the intensity of heat present in a substance is called temperature. It is measured with the use of a device called a thermometer.
There are two types of thermometer viz Laboratory thermometer and clinical thermometer.
Below are a few differences between the two:
|Laboratory thermometer||Clinical thermometer|
|It is mainly used in labs for scientific purposes||Used at hospitals, homes, etc.|
|Wide range and accurate||Short range and Simple device|
Chapter 5: Acids, Bases and Salts – Class – 7 – Notes
- Acids are substances that taste sour and are corrosive in nature.
- It turns blue litmus paper to red.
- These substances are chemically acidic in nature. E.g.:-orange juice, curd, vinegar, hydrochloric acid etc.
- Bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, are slippery to the touch and bitter in taste.
- It turns red litmus paper to blue.
- These substances are chemically basic in nature. Eg:- soap, ammonium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, etc.
- Salt is the product formed from the neutralisation reaction of acids and bases.
- In the reaction between hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide the salt formed is sodium chloride.
- Salt can be acidic, basic or neutral in nature.
Chapter 6: Physical and Chemical Changes – Class – 7 – Notes
There are many differences between physical and chemical changes and it is important to understand them to be able to understand these concepts clearly. To understand physical and chemical properties and changes better, it is important to know what they are.
There are several changes we come across daily e.g dissolving sugar in water, or flattening a metal rod by beating it. These involve changes in the form of the substance. Changes can be classified as:
Chapter 7: Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals of Climate – Class – 7 – Notes
- The day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere at a place concerning elements like humidity, temperature, wind speed, rainfall, etc. is called the weather of that place.
- Weather can be cloudy, sunny, rainy, stormy or clear. It is a part of the natural phenomenon which maintains the equilibrium in the atmosphere.
- But conditions can be worse sometimes. When the atmospheric conditions are extreme or intense enough to cause property loss or life loss, such weather is termed severe weather.
- These also vary according to the altitudes, latitudes, and region and pressure differences. Tornadoes, cyclones, heavy rainfall, fog, winter storms come under this category. They are disastrous and hazardous. Proper disaster management and strategies are required to handle these conditions.
Chapter 8: Winds, Storms and Cyclones – Class – 7 – Notes
The movement of air is mainly caused by the differences in pressure and temperature. Warm air is lighter and it rises upwards, meanwhile, cold air is denser and hence it moves down to replace the warm air. This phenomenon creates wind.
The movement of air across the earth determines the weather and climate of all regions. The sun’s radiation heats up the land, sea and the air. The land and water bodies also heat up the air, making it less dense. Here, hot air increases and creates low pressure over that area and cold air sinks and creates a region of high pressure. Air, like all fluids, likes to maintain equal pressure. To do so, cold air from high-pressure areas flows into regions of lower pressure.
Chapter 9: Soil – Class – 7 – Notes
An estimated 70 per cent of the earth’s surface is covered with water, while the remaining 30 per cent constitutes land. The layer of the earth that is composed of soil and is influenced by the process of soil formation is called the pedosphere. But what exactly is soil and what is soil made of?
Technically, the soil is a mixture that contains minerals, organic matter, and living organisms. But broadly speaking, soil can refer to any loose sediment. Moreover, many types of soil are distributed around the world and these are generally classified into the following:
- Clay Soil
- Sandy soil
- Loamy Soil
- Silt Soil
Chapter 10: Respiration in Organisms – Class – 7 – Notes
Respiration is a metabolic process that occurs in all organisms. It is a biochemical process that occurs within the cells of organisms. In this process, the energy (ATP-Adenosine triphosphate) is produced by the breakdown of glucose which is further used by cells to perform various functions. Every living species, from a single-celled organism to dominant multicellular organisms, perform respiration.
Chapter 11: Transportation in Animals and Plants – Class – 7 – Notes
The organ system of the body that is responsible for the transport of material throughout the body is called the circulatory system.
Chapter 12: Reproduction in Plants – Class – 7 – Notes
Reproduction means to reproduce. It is a biological process by which an organism reproduces an offspring who is biologically similar to the organism. Reproduction enables and ensures the continuity of species, generation after generation. It is the main feature of life on earth.
Chapter 13: Motion and Time – Class – 7 – Notes
When we talk about motion or rest it is concerning some point known as the origin. So, now concerning the change in the position, we have two quantities that can be used to describe that change in position. They are distance and displacement. So now the question is, what is the difference between the two?
Talking about distance, it is defined as the total path length covered during the motion. It can be represented only by magnitude. On the other hand, displacement is the shortest distance between the initial and final positions. It requires both magnitude and direction for complete representation.
Chapter 14: Electric Current and its Effects – Class – 7 – Notes
Electric charge is the basic physical property of matter that causes it to experience a force when kept in an electric or magnetic field. An electric charge is associated with an electric field and the moving electric charge generates a magnetic field. A combination of electric and magnetic fields is known as the electromagnetic field. Interaction of the charges generates an electromagnetic force which is the foundation of Physics.
By the charge definition we know that charge is of two types; Positive and negative, commonly carried by charge carriers protons and electrons.
The subatomic particles or the particles of matter have various charges like:
- protons are positively charged
- electrons are negatively charged
- neutrons have zero charge
Chapter 15: Light – Class – 7 – Notes
When a ray of light approaches a smooth polished surface and the light ray bounces back, it is called the reflection of light. The incident light ray which lands upon the surface is said to be reflected off the surface. The ray that bounces back is called the reflected ray. If a perpendicular were to be drawn on a reflecting surface, it would be called normal. The figure below shows the reflection of an incident beam on a plane mirror.
Chapter 16: Water – A Precious Resource – Class – 7 – Notes
Water is a precious natural resource. All living things need water for their survival. We cannot imagine life without water. Let it be animals or plants they require water to complete their daily metabolic activities. Plants require water to synthesize their food from the process of photosynthesis.
On average, an individual uses 600 to 700 litres in a day. We all can live without food for days together but cannot even imagine surviving without water, even plants become dry and shed their leaves without water.
Chapter 17: Forests – Our Lifeline – Class – 7 – Notes
In ancient times, we used to live in forests. It met all our requirements for leading a normal life at that time. Now-a-days, we live in cities and towns far off from forests, so we really do not know the importance of forests in our life. It is a natural renewable resource, a habitat (home) to many forms of wildlife like bears, bison, jackal, deer, porcupine, elephants, etc.
Many trees like sal, teak, semal, Sheesham, neem, Palash, fig, khair, amla, bamboo, kachnar and many others are also found in the forests. The forest also contains insects, butterflies, honeybees and birds which help in palliation in the flowering plants of the forest in pollination. CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science for Academic Year 2020-21
Chapter 18: Wastewater Story – Class – 7 – Notes
- Wastewater refers to all effluent from a household, hospitals, commercial organizations and institutions, industries and so on. It is also inclusive of agricultural, horticultural, stormwater and urban runoff, and aquaculture effluent.
- Effluent is used to refer to the liquid waste or sewage that is discharged into water bodies either from treatment plants or direct sources.CBSE Syllabus for Class 7 Science for Academic Year 2021-22
Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science
|NCERT Solutions Download Class 7||Chapter Name||NCERT Solutions Download Class 7||Chapter Name|
|NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Science Chapter 1: Nutrition In Plants||Nutrition in Plants||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 10 Respiration in Organisms||Respiration in Organisms|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 2 Nutrition in Animals||Nutrition in Animals||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 11 Transportation in Animals and Plants||Transportation in Animals and Plants|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric||Fibre to Fabric||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 12 Transportation in Animals and Plants||Reproduction in Plants|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 4 Heat||Heat||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 13 Motion and Times||Motion and Times|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 5 Acids,Bases and Salts||Acids,Bases and Salts||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 14 Electric Current and its Effects||Electric Current and its Effects|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 6 Physical and Chemical Changes||Physical and Chemical Changes||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 15 Light||Light|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 7||Weather,Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 16 Water;A precious resource||Water;A precious resource|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 8||Winds Storms and Cyclones||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 17 Forests;Our life line||Forests;Our life line|
|NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 9||Soil||NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Chapter 18 Waste water story||Waste water story|
CBSE Notes for Class 7 Science Free Download for All Chapters
|CBSE Class 7 Science Study Notes||CBSE Class 7 Science Study Notes|
|Nutrition in Plants Class 7 Notes Chapter 1||Respiration in Organisms Class 7 Notes Chapter 10|
|Nutrition in Animals Class 7 Notes Chapter 2||Transportation in Animals and Plants Class 7 Notes Chapter 11|
|Fibre to Fabric Class 7 Notes Chapter 3||Reproduction in Plants Class 7 Notes Chapter 12|
|Heat Class 7 Notes Chapter 4||Motion and Times Class 7 Notes Chapter 13|
|Acids,Bases and Salts Class 7 Notes Chapter 5||Electric Current and its Effects Class 7 Notes Chapter 14|
|Physical and Chemical Changes Class 7 Notes Chapter 6||Light Class 7 Notes Chapter 15|
|Weather,Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate Class 7 Notes Chapter 7||Water;A precious resource Class 7 Notes Chapter 16|
|Winds Storms and Cyclones Class 7 Notes Chapter 8||Forests;Our life line Class 7 Notes Chapter 17|
|Soil Class 7 Notes Chapter 9||Waste water story Class 7 Notes Chapter 18|
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