CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 10 – New Empires and Kingdom

CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 10 – New Empires and Kingdom

In this chapter, students will learn about the Samudragupta’s prashasti, Genealogies, Harshavardhana and the Harshacharita, The Pallavas, Chalukyas and Pulakeshin’s prashasti kingdom. The chapter also explains how these kingdoms administered, assemblies in the southern kingdoms and ordinary people in the kingdoms.CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdom

CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 10 – New Empires and Kingdom

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  • Mamallapuram:

Mamallapuram is known for its monolithic temples of the Pallavas.

  • The Harshacharita:

In the early seventh century, Harshavardhan became the ruler of Thanesar. Information about Harsha’s reign is also available in Harsha’s biography Harshacharita, written by Banabhatta. The Chinese pilgrim Xuan Zang spent a lot of time in the court of Harsha.

  • Rulers in South India:

After the decline of the Satavahanas, there arose smaller kingdoms in the South. Of these, the Chalukyas and the Pallavas were the important ones.

  • Prashasti of Samudragupta:

Samudragupta was a famous ruler of the Gupta dynasty. Allahabad pillar inscription is a Prashasti on Samudragupta’s military achievements. The poem was composed in Sanskrit by the Court Poet, Harishena. The poet praised the King as a warrior and equal to God.

  • Prashastis and Different Rulers:

The Prashasti described four different kinds of rulers and Samudragupta’s policies towards them. These are :

  • The rulers of Aryavarta.
  • The rulers of Dakshinapatha.
  • Neighbouring states like Assam, Coastal Bengal and Nepal.
  • States ruled by the descendants of the Kushanas.
  • Prashastis:

Prashasti is a Sanskrit word, meaning ‘in praise of’. Prashastis are long inscriptions, written in praise of the kings. From the time of the Guptas, Prashastis became very important.

  • The Chalukyas:

The Chalukya kingdom was centred at the Raichur Doab. The Raichur Doab is located between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra. Their capital was at Vatapi. Pulakeshin II was a famous king of this dynasty. We know about him from a poem composed by his court poet Ravikirti.

  • The Pallavas:

The kingdom of the Pallavas was in the far South. They ruled between the mid 6th to the 8th century. The capital of the Pallavas was Kanchipuram, around the Kaveri delta in present Tamil Nadu.

  • Fa Xian:

Fa Xian was a Chinese pilgrim. He visited India and Sri Lanka. He is the most known for his pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha.

A Prashasti is a Sanskrit word which means ‘in praise of. Although composition of prashastis was not a new thing, it became popular only from the time of the Guptas.

In Samudragupta’s prashasti the poet described the king as equal to the gods.

Most prashastis also mention the ancestors of the ruler. For example, there is one prashasti that mentions Samudragupta’s great grandfather, grandfather, father and mother.

Chandragupta, Samudragupta’s father, was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty who adopted the grand title of maharaj-adhiraj. This title was also used by Samudragupta.

Harshavardhana ruled Thanesar about 1400 years ago. He also began to rule over Kanauj after this brother-in-law was killed.

At the beginning of his rule, he remained successful but finally, his success did not last long.

The Pallavas and Chalukyas were important ruling dynasties in South India.

Pulakeshin II was the famous Chalukya ruler. His court poet Ravikirti composed poems in his praise. It was Pulakeshin II who checked the advance of Harsha.

Land revenue remained important for the rulers.

A new kind of army developed. Kings maintained a well-organised army with elephants, chariots, cavalry and foot-soldiers along with military leaders.

Local assemblies which included the Sabha (an assembly of Brahmin landowners) were there. Ur was a village assembly that existed in areas where the landowners were not Brahmins. Nagaram was an organisation of merchants.

The condition of ordinary people was not good.

Untouchables were not treated well.

  • Dakshinapatha:

It literally means the route leading to the south. The term also referred to the entire southern region.

  • Genealogy:

It means a list of ancestors.

  • Kumar-amatya:

It referred to an important minister.

  • Maha-danda-nayaka:

It referred to the chief judicial officer.

  • Nagara-shreshthi:

It was the term used for the chief banker or merchant of the city.

  • Prashasti:

It is a Sanskrit word which means ‘in praise of. The court poets used to praise their rulers in glowing terms.

  • Prathama-kulika:

It was referred to the chief craftsman.

  • Sandhi-Vigrahika:

It meant a minister of war and peace.

  • Sarbhavaha:

The term used for the leader of the merchant caravans.

  • Ur:

It was a village assembly.

  • About 1700 years ago – beginning of the Gupta dynasty.
  • About 1400 years ago – the rule of Harshavardhana.

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Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
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Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
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CBSE Notes Class 6 History Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdom

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
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What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
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Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
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Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
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Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
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