Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2

Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2

A globe is a spherical model of Earth. It serves purposes similar to some maps. A model globe of Earth is called a terrestrial globe. A model globe of the celestial sphere is called a celestial globe.Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2

 Latitude is a measurement on a globe or map of location north or south of the Equator. It is measured starting from an imaginary north-south line called the Prime Meridian. Longitude is a measurement of location east or west of the prime meridian at Greenwich. Latitude is an angle, which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° at the poles. 

Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 2

  • Globe: The globe is a model of the earth, as it is, but in a very small and convenient form. It shows all continents, countries, and oceans, labeled.
  • Axis: The imaginary line about which the earth rotates once in 24 hours is called its axis.
  • Equator: The circle passing through the center of the earth, and perpendicular to the axis, is called the equator.
  • All parallel circles from the Equator up to the poles are called parallels of latitude. Latitude is measured in degrees.
  • As we move away from the Equator, the size of the parallels of latitude decreases.
  • Poles: The two extreme points of the axis are called the Poles. One of them is the North Pole and the other is the South Pole.
  • Prime Meridian: The circle passing through Greenwich in Britain, and perpendicular to the equator, and parallel to the axis, is called the Prime Meridian.

The four important parallels of latitude are :

  • Tropic of Cancer (231/2°N)
  • Tropic of Capricorn (231/22°S)
  • Arctic of Circle (661/2 °N)
  • Antarctic Circle (661/2 °S)

Heat Zones of the Earth

  • Torrid zone receives the maximum heat.
  • The temperate zone has a moderate temperature.
  • The frigid zone has a cold climate as the sun rays are always slanting.

Longitudes

  • The line of reference running from the North Pole to the South Pole is called Meridians of Longitude.
  • The distance between them is measured in ‘degrees of longitude’.
  • All meridians are of equal length.
  • The meridian which passes through Greenwich, where the British Royal Observatory is located, is called the Prime Meridian.
  • The value of Prime Meridian is 0° longitude and from it, we count 180° Eastward as well as 180° Westward.
  • Prime Meridian divides the earth into two equal halves, the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.
  • 180° East and 180° West meridians are on the same line.
  • We can locate any point on the globe if we know its latitude and longitude.

Longitude and Time

  • As the earth rotates from West to East, those places East of Greenwich will be ahead of Greenwich time and those to the West will be behind it.
  • The earth rotates 360° in about 24 hours.
  • At any place, a watch can be adjusted to read at 12 o’clock when the Sun is at the highest point in the sky.

Standard Time

  • The local time in various places are different, so it is necessary to adopt the local time of some central meridian of a country as the Standard Time.
  • 82 1/20E is treated as the Standard Meridian of India. The local time at this meridian is known as the Indian Standard Time (IST).
  • India located East of Greenwich at 82° 30’E, is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT.
  • Some countries have a great longitudinal extent and so they have adopted more than one standard time.

The Globe is a true model of the earth, in a small form. A needle, called the Axis is fixed through the globe in a tilted manner.

The axis of the globe passes through two extreme points: known as the Poles (the North Pole and the South Pole). This axis is shown in the form of a needle on the globe. The real earth has no such axis.

  • Hemisphere: One of the two equal halves of the earth’s spherical shape is called a hemisphere. If the earth is halved along the equator, we get the Northern and the Southern Hemispheres. If we halve it perpendicular to the equator, we get the Eastern and the Western Hemispheres.
  • Heat Zones: Heat zones are the different zones of the earth, where the sun’s rays fall differently, thus causing different climate patterns. These zones are called the Torrid Zone, the two Temperate Zones, and the two Frigid Zones.
  • Greenwich: Greenwich is a place in the United Kingdom, near London, whose time is used as a standard all over the world. The Prime Meridian passes through this place, and so it is the place which divides the earth into the Eastern and the Western Hemispheres.
  • Standard Time:  Standard time of a country or region is the time regarded as a standard for that place, despite the fact that there exists time difference geographically across that region. It is used only for convenience.

Learn with best notes,free videos,practice questions and mock tests with School Connect Online for free demo click here

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Geography Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Geography Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
The Earth in the Solar SystemThe Earth in the Solar System Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 1NCERT Solutions The Earth in the Solar System Chapter 1
Globe: Latitudes and LongitudesGlobe: Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes Chapter 2
Motions of the EarthMotions of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 3NCERT Solutions Motions of the Earth Chapter 3
MapsMaps Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Maps Chapter 4
Major Domains of the EarthMajor Domains of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Major Domains of the Earth Chapter 5
Major Landforms of the EarthMajor Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Major Landforms of the Earth Chapter 6
Our Country – IndiaOur Country – India Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Our Country – India Chapter 7
India: Climate, Vegetation and WildlifeIndia: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8NCERT Solutions India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Chapter 8

CBSE Notes for Class 6 History Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 History

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 History Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
What, Where, How And When?What, Where, How And When? Class 6 Notes History Chapter 1NCERT Solutions What, Where, How And When? Chapter 1
From Gathering To Growing FoodFrom Gathering To Growing Food Class 6 Notes History Chapter 2NCERT Solutions From Gathering To Growing Food Chapter 2
In The Earliest CitiesIn The Earliest Cities Class 6 Notes History Chapter 3NCERT Solutions In The Earliest Cities Chapter 3
What Books And Burials Tell UsWhat Books And Burials Tell Us Class 6 Notes History Chapter 4NCERT Solutions What Books And Burials Tell Us Chapter 4
Kingdoms, Kings And An Early RepublicKingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Class 6 Notes History Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Kingdoms, Kings And An Early Republic Chapter 5
New Questions And IdeasNew Questions And Ideas Class 6 Notes History Chapter 6NCERT Solutions New Questions And Ideas Chapter 6
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up WarAshoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Class 6 Notes History Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War Chapter 7
Vital Villages, Thriving TownsVital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Notes History Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Chapter 8
Traders, Kings And PilgrimsTraders, Kings And Pilgrims Class 6 Notes History Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Traders, Kings And Pilgrims Chapter 9
New Empires And KingdomsNew Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Notes History Chapter 10NCERT Solutions New Empires And Kingdoms Chapter 10
Buildings, Paintings And BooksBuildings, Paintings And Books Class 6 Notes History Chapter 11NCERT Solutions Buildings, Paintings And Books Chapter 11
   

CBSE Notes for Class 6 Civics Free Download for All Chapters

Download PDF of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics

Chapter NameCBSE Class 6 Civics Study NotesNCERT Solutions Download Class 6
Understanding DiversityUnderstanding Diversity Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 1NCERT Solutions Understanding Diversity Chapter 1
Diversity and DiscriminationDiversity and Discrimination Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 2NCERT Solutions Diversity and Discrimination Chapter 2
What is Government?What is Government? Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 3NCERT Solutions What is Government? Chapter 3
Key Elements of a Democratic GovernmentKey Elements of a Democratic Government Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 4NCERT Solutions Key Elements of a Democratic Government Chapter 4
Panchayati RajPanchayati Raj Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 5NCERT Solutions Panchayati Raj Chapter 5
Rural AdministrationRural Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 6NCERT Solutions Rural Administration Chapter 6
Urban AdministrationUrban Administration Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 7NCERT Solutions Urban Administration Chapter 7
Rural LivelihoodsRural Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 8NCERT Solutions Rural Livelihoods Chapter 8
Urban LivelihoodsUrban Livelihoods Class 6 Notes Civics Chapter 9NCERT Solutions Urban Livelihoods Chapter 9

Other National and International Level Olympiads

AI OlympiadInternational Artificial Intelligence Olympiad 2020-21
Coding OlympiadInternational Coding Olympiad 2020-21
IMOInternational Maths Olympiad 2020-21
ISOInternational Science Olympiad 2020-21
KVPYKishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana
Artificial Intelligence OlympiadInternational Artificial Intelligence Olympiad
Maths OlympiadInternational Maths Olympiad
Science OlympiadInternational Science Olympiad
Coding and Learning OlympiadInternational Coding Olympiad

Learn with best notes,free videos,practice questions and mock tests with School Connect Online for free demo click here

School Connect Online

8 thoughts on “Globe Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 2

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: